# Accounting Essay; Cost flows and overhead application Custom Essay

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3. Cost flows and overhead application
Cleveland Metals uses a job cost system and applies factory overhead to production at a predetermined rate of 180% of direct labor cost. Data pertaining to recent operations follow.
Job no. 636 was the only job in process on January 1 of the current year. The Work in Process account contained a \$24,600 balance on this date.
Jobs no. 637, 638, and 639 were started during January.
Total direct material requisitions and direct labor incurred during January amounted to \$89,200 and \$114,500, respectively.
The only job that remained in process on January 31 was job no. 638, with costs of \$15,000 for direct materials and \$20,000 for direct labor.

Compute the total cost of the work in process inventory on January 31.
Compute the cost of jobs completed during January, and present the proper journal entry to reflect job completion.

Chapter 4 Exercise 7
The Towson Manufacturing Corporation applies overhead on the basis of machine hours. The following divisional information is presented for your review:

Division A
Division B
Actual machine hours
22,500
?
Estimated machine hours
20,000
?
\$4.50
\$5.00
\$110,000
?
?
\$90,000
?
\$86,000
?
\$6,500
Find the unknowns for each of the divisions.

Chapter 4 Problem 2
2. Computations using a job order system
General Corporation employs a job order cost system. On May 1 the following balances were extracted from the general ledger;

Work in process \$ 35,200
Finished goods 86,900
Cost of goods sold 128,700

Work in Process consisted of two jobs, no. 101 (\$20,400) and no. 103 (\$14,800). During May, direct materials requisitioned from the storeroom amounted to \$96,500, and direct labor incurred totaled \$114,500. These figures are subdivided as follows:

Document*
Date
Department
Hours
Amount
MR 1165
19-Mar
Machining

\$5,600
MR 1169
21-Mar
Machining

3,500
TT 1450-52
23-Mar
Machining
45
400
MUR 46
23-Mar
Machining
105

MR 4330
27-Mar
Finishing

700
TT 1475-76
31-Mar
Machining
30
300
MUR 47
31-Mar
Machining
50

TT 6608-13
31-Mar
Finishing
200
2,000

Job no. 115 was the only job in process at the end of the month. Job no. 101 and three “other” jobs were sold during May at a profit of 20% of cost. The “other” jobs contained material and labor charges of \$21,000 and \$17,400, respectively.

General applies overhead daily at the rate of 150% of direct labor cost as labor summaries are posted to job orders. The firm’s fiscal year ends on May 31.

Instructions:
Compute the total overhead applied to production during May.
Compute the cost of the ending work in process inventory.
Compute the cost of jobs completed during May.
Compute the cost of goods sold for the year ended May 31.

Chapter 5 Exercise 1
1. High-low method
The following cost data pertain to 19X6 operations of Heritage Products:

Quarter 1
Quarter 2
Quarter 3
Quarter 4
Shipping costs
\$58,200
\$58,620
\$60,125
\$59,400
Orders shipped
120
140
175
150

The company uses the high-low method to analyze costs.
Determine the variable cost per order shipped.
Determine the fixed shipping costs per quarter.
If present cost behavior patterns continue, determine total shipping costs for 19X7 if activity amounts to 570 orders.

Chapter 5 Exercise 2
The treasurer anticipates the following costs for the event, which will be held at the Regency Hotel:
Room rental \$300
Dinner cost (per person) 25
Chartered buses 500
Favors and souvenirs (per person) 5
Band 900

Each person would pay \$40 to attend; 200 attendees are expected.
Will the event be profitable for the sorority? Show computations.
How many people must attend for the sorority to break even?
Suppose the sorority encouraged its members to drive to the hotel and did not charter the buses. Further, a planned menu change will reduce the cost per meal by \$2. If each member will still be charged \$40, compute the contribution margin per person.

Chapter 5 Exercise 3
3. Break-even and other CVP relationships
Cedars Hospital has average revenue of \$180 per patient day. Variable costs are \$45 per patient day; fixed costs total \$4,320,000 per year.
How many patient days does the hospital need to break even?
What level of revenue is needed to earn a target income of \$540,000?
If variable costs drop to \$36 per patient day, what increase in fixed costs can be tolerated without changing the break-even point as determined in part (a)?

Chapter 5 Problem 6
6. Direct and absorption costing
The information that follows pertains to Consumer Products for the year ended December 31, 19X6.
Inventory, 1/1/X6
24,000 units
Units manufactured
80,000
Units sold
82,000
Inventory, 12/31/X6
? units
Manufacturing costs:
Direct materials
\$3 per unit
Direct labor
\$5 per unit
\$9 per unit
\$280,000
Variable
\$2 per unit
Fixed
\$136,000

Assume that costs have been stable in recent years.

Instructions:
Compute the number of units in the ending inventory.
Calculate the cost of a unit assuming use of:
Direct costing.
Absorption costing.
Prepare an income statement for the year ended December 31, 19X6, by using direct costing.
Prepare an income statement for the year ended December 31, 19X6, by using absorption costing.

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