The purpose of this section is to study Human Development Indicators designed by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP).These indicators have been offered as an enhancement to GDP. The
indicators include: Human Development Index (HDI), Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI), Gender Inequality Index (GII), and Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI). These indices are
included in the 2013 Human Development Report.
1. You can describe each one of the indicators developed by UNDP: HDI, IHDI, GII, MPI
2. You can explain what the U.N. indicators measure
3. You become familiar with the Human Development Reports
4. You can compare two countries in terms of the four indicators
Readings & Presentations
For this section you are going to refer to the Human Development Reports. The 2013 Human Development Report is the most recent report. Other useful reports are the 2011 Report, the 2010 Report, the
2009 Report, and the 2008/2007 Human Development Report. You could access all the Reports, the data and all the indices for over 160 countries at the following link: https://hdr.undp.org/en/
Each Human Development Report covers a different theme. For example, the 2007-2008 Report is dedicated to the topic of Fighting Climate Change: Human solidarity in a divided world. The 2009 Report is
dedicated to Overcoming barriers: human mobility and development. The 2010 Report looks at: The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development. The 2011 Human Development Report
addresses the topic of sustainability and equity. The 2013 Human Development Report explores the Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World.
Of special interest for us are the sections of the Reports dealing with the Human Development Indicators, the Statistical Annex, which provides the statistical tables, and the Technical Notes. Tables 1, 2, 3, 4,
and 5 of the Statistical Annex of the 2013 Human Development Report provide the composite measures. The Technical Notes inform how the indices are calculated.
Charmes, J. and S. Wieringa. 2003. “Measuring Women’s Empowerment: An Assessment of the Gender Related Development Index and the Gender Empowerment Measure.” Journal of Human Development
and Capabilities, 4(3):419-35.
Harding, R. and L. Wantchekon. 2010. “The Political Economy of Human Development.” Human Development Research Paper 29. UNDP-HDRO, New York.
Klasen, S. 2006. “Special Issue: Revisiting the Gender Related Development Index and Gender Empowerment.” Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, 7(3).
Using the 2013 Human Development Report you and your team member are required to write a report in which you are going to compare your country of analysis with another country with similar GNI per
capita [they do not have to be identical, but very close to each other]. The comparison will be made in terms of the four Human Development Indicators: Human Development Index (HDI), Inequality-adjusted
Human Development Index (IHDI), Gender Inequality Index (GII) and the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI).
Your team report should include the following topics:
Explain the rationale for the selection of country with which you are going to compare your country of analysis.
How two countries with the same GNI or the same HDI can achieve different results?
How the two countries compare in terms of the components of HDI?
What has been the trend in terms of HDI for your selected country?
How the two countries compare in terms of the components of the other indices: IHDI, GII, and MPI?
Note: Be aware that not all data will be available for all countries, so that before proceeding you have to verify that all the indices are available for the two countries you have chosen to compare.
the selected country is the USA
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