Psychotherapeutic interventions are targeted differently in non-Western cultures. In Western cultures, such interventions tend to focus on the mind. They are separate from medicine, which focuses on the body. Psychotherapeutic interventions in non-Western cultures (referred to as traditional cultures in your text) often are identified as healing and focus on the health of the whole person rather than on addressing an individual problem. In non-Western cultures, medical interventions are not separated clearly from psychotherapeutic interventions.
The use of psychotherapeutic interventions in different parts of the world is influenced by society and culture. Your text refers to these influencers as the sociocultural context. The term sociocultural context includes such factors as religion, community beliefs about health and illness, rituals such as initiation or purification ceremonies, and relationships with family.
To prepare for this Discussion:
Review Chapter 8 in your course text, Toward a Global Psychology: Theory, Research, Intervention, and Pedagogy. Pay particular attention to the section on psychotherapy in its sociocultural context.
Review the articles: “Buddhist Psychotherapy” and “The Effects of Yoga on Mood in Psychiatric Patients.” (Note: Other non-Western healing therapies are discussed in your text, such as Morita, Naikan, and Zen.
Select a psychotherapeutic intervention and think about how the psychotherapeutic intervention you selected is an expression or reflection of its sociocultural context.
Consider the similarities and differences between the psychotherapeutic intervention you selected and psychotherapeutic interventions in Western cultures. You may wish to view the clips more than once and take notes.
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