Dear Writer First of all vary important to me you most use word like :: (Thank you for your information or your time to read my post discussion … ) and use I , like I think or in my opinion , i believe , i agree
with you , i disagree with you about ….
Please write response each one individually with its references
Please don’t forget to check the Harvard material
for more guidance on proper referencing and
citations.Remember you must have intext citations
and not only run your references at the bottom.
My Dr. Instruction Regarding the Replying discussion question :
While I read your DQs and member’s DQF, I am motivated to say that your ideas are of good standard. To make it more useful and excellent we can follow some basic structure that allows us to grasp your
ideas more clearly. Second, we have similar pattern and a system in replying to others DQs. My suggestion would be while you are writing DQF consider following points:
1. Identify focus of the DQs of your classmates
2. Relate/debate your position on the topic.
3. Justify your position.
4. Provide evidence using secondary source
5. Engage audience and structure your arguments
6. Conclude/ recommend. All briefly.
Provide 1 responses to other students’ he reply to my Discussion assignment , i need one response and two reference post about 275 words. and 2 referance . replying to my colleague question most be like
I’m who response-discuss (writing) .
Below is my discussion post :
Benefits of Foreign Direct Investment
• Benefits to Host Countries
Foreign Direct Investments bring numerous benefits to the host countries. One of these benefits is injection of capital into the local economy. According to Kokko, Zejan and Tansini (2001), large injections of
foreign direct investments help host economies achieve high trajectories of growth. MNEs can provide jobs to host country’s nationals directly or through the growth of auxiliary services such as hotels,
insurance and banks. In my views, creation of jobs in the host country can initiate a multiplier effect generating more income as the newly employed workers spend their earnings in business or consumption.
For example, British Petroleum has employed thousands of skilled and semi-skilled workers to boost productivity in its Saudi Arabian operations. Through these employments, the MNE has reduced
unemployment and other social problems in Saudi Arabia (Dimelis & Louri, 2002).
Another benefit of FDI in the host country is provision of education and training for employees. This contributes to human capital development and hence boosts labor force in the host country. Besides
education and training, FDIs also play vital a role in the transfer of technology that cannot be achieved through trade in goods and services. For example, MNEs build transport and communication networks in
the host countries to facilitate business. The technical, management and entrepreneurial skills gained can be transferred to other sectors of the host country’s economy (World Bank, 2003).
In their article, Dimelis and Louri (2002) have argued that multinational enterprises contribute tax to host countries. Taxes from FDI are an important source of government revenue in many countries. This is the
case particularly in the developing countries where the economy is not well diversified. I disagree with this argument because in most cases, developing countries exempt MNEs from corporate tax to attract
more foreign investors.
• Benefits to MNEs
In my opinion, MNEs are the largest beneficiaries of Foreign Direct Investment. FDIs give MNEs an opportunity to direct their capital into businesses and sectors that have the best prospects for growth
anywhere in the world. This consideration gives well-run MNEs seeking best returns for their money a competitive advantage (World Bank, 2003). Another important benefit is the opportunity to take
advantage of favorable tax regimes and low costs of production in the host countries. Investors are invariably motivated by the desire to maximize revenue and minimize costs. As such, investors will not hesitate
to invest in countries where business costs are low and revenue high. For instance, US manufacturers such as General Motors have established production plants in Mexico to take advantage of the country’s
tax incentives for foreign investors, as well as, cheap labor (Kokko, Zejan & Tansini, 2001).
Dimelis and & Louri (2002) have noted that FDI is a good strategy for MNEs to reduce business risks. By investing in other countries, MNES diversify their holdings outside their home countries, political
systems or industries. Diversified businesses are less likely to be affected by economic and political shocks in one country. As an example, the economic crisis of 2008 severely affected financial services
companies in the US. However, those firms that had invested in foreign countries were able to withstand the crisis.
MNEs investing in developed countries benefit from best practices in management, accounting and legal services. They can also adopt the latest technologies, operational practices, financing tools and
innovations that might not be available in the home country. By adopting these practices and innovations, MNEs improve their businesses (Kokko, Zejan & Tansini, 2001).
Dimelis, S. & Louri, H. 2002. Foreign Ownership and Production Efficiency: A Quantile Regression Analysis. Oxford Economic Papers vol. 54, pp. 449-469.
Kokko, A., Zejan, M. and Tansini, R. 2001. Trade regimes and spillover effects of FDI: Evidence from Uruguay. Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, vol. 137, pp. 124-149.
World Bank Report. 2003. Global Economic Prospects and Developing Countries. Washington, DC: Global Opportunities.
1)Below is the first response from my colleague at university :
While I am in agreemnt with you as it relates to corporate tax exemption for MNEs. Coporate tax is not the only tax found in countries .Others taxes include personal and excise tax,tax treaties,tax credits,
taxes from intercomapny transactions and value added tax to name a few (Madura International financial management, 2007)
Madura International Financial Management,(2007):Incorporating international tax laws in multinational capital budgeting.Available at www.cengage.com/resource_upload/download
( Accessed: 25 May 2014)
Here i need to reply about 200 word and 2 reference .
Please make sure that you cite and reference sources properly, as per the Harvard Referencing System. Thank you
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